Oct 05, 2017
Do Changes Need to be Made?
The first thing that I want to do is extend my deepest thoughts and sympathies to those who were killed, injured and all families and friends thereof during the tragedy that happened at the Mandalay Bay in Las Vegas during the Jason Aldean concert on October 1st, 2017.
For those of you unaware of some of the specifics, (though I don’t see how) there were at least fifty-nine killed and over five hundred wounded as a result of the attack. Further, the perpetrator managed to get no fewer than twenty-three weapons, including AR-15 and AK-47’s into his hotel suite at the Mandalay Bay. The perpetrator then used a hammer to break two of the windows in his suite from which he fired directly at the attendees of the concert.
There is some speculation that the perpetrator simply, “Snapped,” and while police are searching for any evidence that might point to the shooter’s motivations, not much is known for sure at the time of this writing. While there may be some questions as to motive, there can be little question that this is more than just someone, ‘Snapping,’ as this type of assault would have required careful planning and execution.
In addition to the obvious time it took to plan out the attack, not least of which was getting that amount of weapons into the room, the shooter also took some time to make sure he was able to deal as much death as possible. The shooter had cameras rigged both inside and outside of his suite, presumably so that he would be able to commit suicide when the SWAT team eventually made their way to him, which they did. There can be almost no question that the shooter’s goal was to maximize the number of casualties, because had he wanted to attempt an escape, it would have been theoretically possible (one would think) had he made such an attempt after firing for a much shorter period of time. To wit, it has been reported that the shooter fired intermittently for around ten minutes.
In my opinion, it is the use of the names of perpetrators of such events that, to an extent, may not cause the events to happen but certainly could theoretically be a contributing factor. While many media sources have reported his name, I’m not going to use it in this article because I do not want to do anything that would lead to this individual being remembered by name.
In any event, this will doubtlessly go down as a major event in the history of Las Vegas, if not the entire nation, and will be spoken of in history books (especially locally) for decades, if not a century. For the time being, it holds the distinction of being a mass shooting to result in the greatest number of deaths in modern American history.
While the politicizing of such an event may seem to trivialize the lives and deaths of those affected by this tragedy, it is almost impossible to discuss what might be done without the event being politicized in some way. For those of you who may be offended at reading discourse of this event from an angle that could be considered political, then I request that you read no further. For everyone else, I think it is important that we come together to discuss how such a tragedy may be prevented in the future.
What Made This Possible?
The first thing that has to be discussed is the combination of circumstances that led to such a tragedy even being possible. While many accept that there are ways, aside from guns, for someone bound and determined to commit such a killing to do so (I agree) it remains indisputable that guns are one of, if not the most common, ways for this to happen.
If we are going to be honest, then it is nearly impossible not to admit that the sheer amount of firepower found just in the guy’s hotel room at Mandalay Bay (he had more weapons elsewhere) is more than any individual, aside from a gun store owner, could ever reasonably need.
Furthermore, interviews with the perpetrator’s brother have led authorities to believe that this gentleman was not really an avid gun enthusiast, at least, not prior to the planning of the event in question. While we may not know if that is absolutely true, if it is, then it means that he likely amassed his collection of firepower in a very short period of time.
Furthermore, it is also important to realize that the weapons used were either fully automatic, or semi-automatic weapons that could be modified (and were) to function more closely to fully automatic weapons using something called a, ‘Butt stock.’ I don’t really know much about guns except for a little about handguns, but my understanding about the functioning of a butt stock is that an individual can keep his/her finger on the trigger and the recoil of the weapon will cause the weapon to rebound off of the shooter’s shoulder which will then force the trigger mechanism to fire another shot. In other words, the gun will fire much faster than even an unaltered semi-automatic weapon would. It seems that it is not quite an automatic, but is much closer to one than an unaltered firearm would be.
Furthermore, even automatic weapons are not necessarily illegal provided that they were manufactured before 1986. It was during that year that Congress passed a law banning the sale of fully automatic weapons, but weapons manufactured and registered before that time were grandfathered in and remained (and still remain) legal to own. Beyond that, many modifications to existing semi-automatic weapons to make them function in a manner closer to automatic weapons are also legal.
In addition to the fact that most, if not all, of the weapons used were obtained legally, there is also the fact that the perpetrator had the ability to actually get that arsenal up to his hotel room.
It is important to note that none of this is the fault of Mandalay Bay or MGM Resorts as there are no laws in existence that would require them to take any measures to prevent such an event from occurring. However, we must ask ourselves, what if there were some means to prevent such an event from happening?
The means, of course, exist right now. While it would be difficult, if not impossible, to search the luggage of every guest to stay in a hotel, the installation of metal detectors at such establishments would go a long way to preventing such acts in the future.
Indeed, many casinos have been reported on the forums to have engaged in some of these security measures, at least temporarily, such as waving a wand over individuals and their bags, as is reported to be the case at Encore. However, it is difficult to know whether or not these measures will be permanent (doubt it) or whether these are just temporary preventive mechanisms in place for fear of a copycat type event.
Either way, the fact of the matter is that we are a culture that values privacy and would look at any such, ‘Unreasonable,’ search as an affront to our liberties. Liberties, however, come at a cost and in this case, that cost was human life.
Was It Worth It
What if there were metal detectors with security guards at every entrance to major establishments such as these to ensure that, even if the occasional weapon could slip through, that weapons of this type and of this quantity would not make it in?
We don’t have to take any liberties away from those with a license to carry. In the event that an establishment does permit firearms to be taken inside in the first place, then individuals with such a license wishing to bring in their weapons could simply register that such a weapon is in their possession.
Besides, is the freedom to bring over twenty weapons into a hotel room really the sort of freedom that we need?
Speaking of Freedom
I know that this argument has been done to death, but when we talk about the right to bear arms (Second Amendment) did the forefathers really have these types of weapons in mind? Did they really have the foresight to plan ahead and the intent to allow people to possess the sort of quality and quantity of weapons that could kill nearly sixty people and wound over five hundred within minutes?
I doubt it. Those are battlezone-esque numbers. What could a common citizen possibly require that kind of firepower for aside from being the owner of a weapons store?
The fact of the matter is that there is nothing that we can do to prevent ALL types of attacks from taking place. As many will point out, there are still going to be attacks by way of homemade bombs, using vehicles and countless other means of causing death and devastation to others. The problem is that guns are one of the most convenient means by which to cause a mass attack, especially when those guns have the capability of firing several rounds per minute, by one means or another.
I also understand, empathize and agree with those who believe that they should be permitted to possess a firearm for the purposes of home protection. However, such a person would have no reason to be in possession of twenty-something weapons at any given point in time. Short of one’s home being invaded by an entire army, there is no way that many firearms would be put to use by way of home defense.
For that reason, even understanding the risks of them being used in an unforeseen attack on others, I support the rights of individuals to own properly registered handguns. Granted, some of these pistols can come with capacities in excess of twenty rounds, but it could be argued that such a capacity might come into play when using a weapon to deal with a home invader. To wit, people simply aren’t perfectly accurate, especially when it comes to an actual firefight against a moving target who also happens to be firing right back at you.
However, I do not buy into the argument that some of the weapons used to perpetrate this attack would have any reasonable place or use in the realm of home protection.
And, again, what is more important: The right to, ‘Bear arms,’ or the right to live?
One unfortunate truth, among many, of this event is that it just so happened to take place in Las Vegas. What I mean is that there are any number of venues in which such an attack could take place and the occupants of that venue would similarly be, ‘Sitting ducks.’ Schools are one example of such a venue that has come up in mass murders of previous years, but there are countless other examples.
Since this happened in Vegas, we can continue with casinos as a theme. An individual who was concerned about inflicting as much death as possible (but unconcerned with the ability to commit suicide before being apprehended) could just as easily take one or two of these types of weapons onto a casino floor and do difficult to fathom amounts of damage. In this case, the individual would be firing at close range and would have at least some ability to properly aim shots to attempt to ensure maximum damage. Granted, the body count wouldn’t be as high, but the ratio of deaths to those who were wounded would almost undoubtedly be much greater.
Las Vegas isn’t the only city and casinos aren’t the only example, of course. This sort of attack could theoretically be perpetrated in any densely populated area or event at any given time and is made easier when the shooter has some sort of high ground. Other outdoor concert amphitheatres are another example of a location ripe for this because they usually sit at a gradual incline (as you go away from the stage) due to the acoustics and visibility for the attendees. If a shooter is able to gain some sort of high ground at a venue such as that, then he/she would be able to inflict untold amounts of damage.
The point is that there are any number of venues and locales at which an event like this, or one similar, can take place and that people are never truly safe in such areas. The only thing that we can do is try to take measures that will result in people being relatively more safe.
What Can Be Done?
The fact of the matter is that we need stricter gun laws and increased security provisions at all public venues to make this event, if not impossible, (it never will be) at least less likely.With apologies to Second Amendment advocates, if you can get over twenty firearms, multiple ones designed to function in a close to automatic fashion, into a hotel room, then the gun laws are too lax. In fact, I have read that all of these weapons and modifications could/would have been purchased legally, so the fact is that it is far too easy and, dare I say, convenient to perpetrate an attack such as this.
I know that stricter gun laws are not going to stop everything, but as long as we do not take away the rights of legitimate people of sound mind to own the firearms, ‘Necessary,’ for the purposes of legitimate hunting or legitimate personal protection, then we have to try.
For example, we need to establish a database of everyone who owns firearms, what sorts of firearms they own and we have to make it so that used firearms may only be sold to gun shops who then can sell them to other customers. When it comes to that database, we can allow people to obtain the weapons that they want/need, but we can place strict limits on the number of a certain type of weapon that a person may legally own, or make the limit go by household.
The registered owner of the weapon, in this case, will then be liable for anything that is done with that weapon. If the weapon should be stolen, then it needs to be reported as stolen immediately.
Again, part of it would also be placing strict limits on the types of firearms that people own because nobody (short of a gun store owner) should even own the sheer number of weapons this man had in his possession, much less transport them all somewhere without it being noticed.
We also need to place strict limits, without grandfathering anything in, on the number of rounds that a weapon should be capable of firing per minute depending on the capacity of that weapon’s magazine. I have no suggestions for what that limit should be, but it is clear that some of these modifications are being made to enable weapons to fire as closely to automatic as possible without actually being considered automatic weapons.
When it comes to firearms, while there should be a national registry of all guns, I would not tend to place any additional limitations on handguns provided they are only capable of holding so many bullets. Again, while handguns can certainly be used in assault type attacks, and an individual can hold multiple handguns, most of the mass murders are not committed using handguns and, in many instances, a killer would not achieve the same type of casualty numbers if relegated to only using handguns.
There are certain costs that are going to be associated with my next suggestion, both from a material and human resources standpoint, but I think that we should create a national law that all venues beyond a certain occupant capacity be required to have trained and armed security guards and metal detectors at all entrances.
Again, this measure will be costly, and the perceived infractions on the, ‘Right to privacy,’ will likely be unpopular, but there is no doubt whatsoever that such a measure would have made this attack more difficult to execute.
Once again, I understand that the killer did not necessarily have to conduct such an attack from his hotel suite, but from the killer’s perspective, it would be hard to ask for a better location. The attack itself created mass panic and his position made it very difficult to figure out exactly where the shots were coming from. Beyond that, the guy basically wouldn’t even have had to aim, he could close his eyes and fire and would still achieve a not insignificant number of killed and wounded.
There was a reason that the SWAT team had to swarm the building in an attempt to gain access to the killer via the hotel suite itself, and that is because the killer was in such a position that there really was no way to get a good shot at him from the outside of the building. If there had been any reliable and quick way to disable the killer from the outside, then that is what they would have done. However, between the pandemonium from the crowd and the relative cover that the shooter used to his advantage (and difficulty in even finding a place to line up a shot) there was little that the SWAT team could have done other than enter the building and try to storm the suite.
I don’t believe or pretend to believe that these measures would stop every future event of this nature to take place, nor would they have stopped every event previous, but they would have stopped something at some point. For those who do not believe that is a worthwhile cause, my advice is to go find a family member of one of the victims and ask that person what sort of a human resources and equipment price we should put on the life of their loved one.
I am not advocating, nor would I advocate, that we take away all gun, ‘Rights,’ from American citizens. I am simply suggesting that we evaluate the current gun laws in an effort to determine how to prevent senseless tragedies from taking place.
I think part of that evaluation is to determine what the forefathers had in mind when they wrote that we should have the right to, ‘Keep and bear arms,’ there can be no doubt whatsoever that those words meant something. But, certainly the intent had more to do with personal protection and less to do with the ability to commit heinous assaults against untold numbers of unarmed people who pose no threat whatsoever to the assailant.
Part of the measures that we need to take also have to do with ensuring that individuals cannot enter facilities with weapons in the event that those facilities are buildings of a certain capacity. Once again, that number is going to be somewhat arbitrary and I don’t know where to claim it should be set, but the fact of the matter is that we need to set a line somewhere to prevent armed assailants from having the ability to perpetrate such a heinous act on untold amounts of victims with ease.
While I understand that certain allowances with weapons have risen to the level of being, ‘Rights,’ I must maintain that there are other rights that people should enjoy. One of these rights is the right to continue to live, so laws that are designed to make it more difficult to take away another person’s life should not be viewed as unduly obtrusive. Another right that people have is the right to feel secure in their person, and right now (and for the near future) many Americans and others are not going to be able to do that in this country.
For the next few months, people will attend major events, such as concerts, wondering whether or not they are unwittingly walking into the site of the next major assault. Just that doubt looming in a person’s mind violates the right that the person should have to feel secure in his/her person. It is for that reason that while the killed, wounded and families thereof are the immediate and most important victims of this tragedy, the shooter has claimed many other victims, as well. The number of victims in the sense of losing that sense of security, even if temporarily, likely numbers in the millions to tens of millions.
Is the right to, ‘Keep and bear arms,’ whatever that may actually mean, actually worth the sacrifice of not just life but other fundamental human rights?
You can have nutcases anywhere, we already have enough gun laws. We already have enough metal detectors and intrusive searches. Too many rifles? I don't want anyone to count such things.
What could have been done differently: Announcement from the stage? Turn show's searchlight to blind the shooter? Keep Calm and Carry On?
If beer cans set off detectors, Vegas hotels are going to be answering alarms all day and night.
We are overthinking this much: the guy realized he could do something close to automatic fire and kill a bunch of people. Some people are just 'into' killing. There will be copycats.
I'd be for banning the sale of new butt stocks, but not confiscating those out there - grandfather the legal possession of those. Which means the cat is out of the bag, there are too many of them. I'm too hard set against confiscation.
You can kill more people with laws than with guns. More laws against the common man are not needed, there are enough already. We can save more lives restricting lobbyists than guns. Truthfully even if money is taken or cost by unjust laws, it's lives taken by poverty.
What do they do at gun shows. Hasn't a big casino held a gun show at any time.
I have no problems with walk through metal detectors with xray for suitcases and trunks. Trained security know what to look for and anyone carrying or concealing a gun or two would be questioned about permits to carry.
If mandalay had detectors the weapons would have drawn attention to paddock at the very least. Was there a gun show in the vicinity? Within walking distance perhaps? If there was any kind of event involving guns, then maybe what he had wouldn't have drawn any real interest.
Did paddock time this slaughter with a weapons expo somewhere near by?
I was in LasVegas last August and was surprised to see so many K9 dogs around strip casinos, that i never seen before during my past visits.
Thought it was unusual and suspected there might be some security threats given such obvious presence of dogs and security guards.
The recent events unfortunately show bigger problems that the US is facing with when it comes to domestic terror and gun control. 2nd amendment requires changed imho.
I think at a certain point, if we want to avoid future tragedies; we need to be able to accept a little more intrusiveness.
At least that would be something. The stupid things exist, essentially, for no other reason than to bring a weapon as close as possible to automatic fire. Kind of defeats the purpose of automatics (manufactured after a certain year) being illegal.
I don't know the answers to many of those questions, but I will say that, even if there had been gun shows, the sheer amount of ammunition he had should have still set off some alarms. Besides that, MB has a rule against bringing weapons on property. Clearly, it might not be a negative for them to do more to enforce that rule.
There are rules against jaywalking, smoking, beer, swearing, cheating on one's spouse, prostitution, ... yet Vegas is full of hookers (none of them with an agency) etc. Accepting the intrusiveness of a security guard is what diminishes the market of a more reliable artificial intelligence system that will sniff air, weigh bags and catalog elevator trips to show outliers. Think of a recognition system that showed him as making a lot of trips and having fairly heavy bags. A security guard would not notice that but a computer can.
I still favor T. gondii for this but it seems they have no intention of performing even simple medical tests.
I agree that something less directly invasive would be good, if you've watched the video on security measures at the Wynn, I think even that may have stopped this.
Wynn security guards have complained of lack of managerial continuity, extremely high turnover, refusal to consider school schedule commitments, excessive write ups. Some former guards have praised the place however. A policy of "checking" on hibernators is probably to avoid publicity about rigor mortis from losers, not a concern for general safety. I think their strong anti prostitute policy is simply a policy that all money flows to the casino, not hookers. Has nothing to do with safety at all.
After the events related to a Texas church shooting, I wonder if anyone is trying to impose upon churches a duty to install metal detectors and gun oil sniffing machines.
My suggestion might not be applicable for a few reasons:
1.) A church is not a place of business.
2.) Most churches would not meet the building occupancy that I would suggest for such a requirement, I don't think.
I mean, you can't prevent it on a busy street, you can't prevent it everywhere. Best we can do is try to prevent it where we can.
A church is indeed a place of business and as for capacity, perhaps you've heard the term "Mega-Church".
This is a very good, well thought out article on the unfathomable shooting incident Oct 1st. We were in Las Vegas Oct 3 through Oct 6th. I'm so sorry about this needless tragedy. What was inspiring though, was seeing how the Las Vegas community rallied together to support one another. We saw many billboards reading "Vegas Strong." Down the south end of Las Vegas Blvd some community folks had made crosses with pictures of each person killed. It was a meaningful display of both sadness and love.---it was an area where family and friends could gather for some kind of consolation. Also, most of the Casinos, if not all, donated large sums of money to aid families of the victims.
I liked the many ideas explored in this article and the responses posted. Now as time passes and memories fade my prayer is that changes will be made to benefit us all --to make us safer.
On our wall at home is a picture with the caption that reads: "Ideas become real at the point of action"
I hope our citizens and leaders will takes action, and not just "jaw-bone" this through another three, four, or five similar incidents.
Thanks for the compliment on the article!
It's definitely one of the greatest tragedies not just in Las Vegas, but the entire nation, in recent years.
I certainly hope that some of the ideas will eventually be implemented. Unfortunately, there are more recent events (casino robberies) that I think may make it even more likely. Unfortunately, I think that you're right in that it probably will only happen as a reaction to another major event, or multiple major events, rather than taking place proactively.
>as a reaction to another major event, not proactively
lobbyists and news channels create events if they need to.
There have been tremendous strides made in facial recognition and in Visual Analytics, the computerized analysis of security camera video in real time. Dogs are still mainly drug dogs used as deterrents and taken around the casino areas where dealers stand. Sniffing the air for gun oils simply does not work.
telephone "sniffing" software on the sly is what vegas needs.
Takes your temperature but also links it the phone in your pocket on the sly.
ANY police force will let you know how much time they have to waste watching video tapes after a major crime. Street scenes are the worst. Some guy regarding the racing form for an hour can look strange on tape, hitting fast forward is not an option.vehickle tags can take eons to decipher.
I seem to be in the minority when I advocate spending money due to lifestyle changes, dietary parasites,etc., perceived hormone irregularities.
Most people want the general public to give up rights and live with AK47 toting cops, groping guards, lines and barriers.
Welcome to America, land of the Free, why are you going to your hotel room and what does your bag weigh?
It is perhaps better to analyze the problem by focusing on the fact that most gambling involves "nicking" the many to reward the few. We nick a lot of slot players for those progressive awards, we nick the roulette players of twenty six cents for each of those five dollar chips they bet. The casino "pays' that progressive BUT receives a great deal of income from the signage and headlines. Heck, even those 6:5 signs bring the casino owner a great deal of revenue.; probably more revenue than the 3:2 signs!!! We focus on the honesty of the game more than the honesty of the signage, but when it comes to living in an intrusive police state, it seems many of us reverse our value system.
I wonder what the hoopla would be if it had happened elsewhere, such as Chicago.
Its the media that is our worst enemy.
Perhaps our own specialization is the culprit.
The Modocs were a large slave-taking tribe that had a lot of esophageal caner due to the olive oil btlles theymanufactured, In Syria it is steel, in Damascus,, in just about everyplace we injure ourselves.Our history rveals the knowledge. A Tinker's Dam and Mad as a hatter come to mind as proof of our isadventures.
it is a question of values. no one cares what the. settlement is, the focus is on headlines, bright lights and gli5ter, not substance.