OnceDear
Joined: Jun 1, 2014
• Posts: 6309
May 13th, 2022 at 6:36:43 PM permalink
Quote: unJon

1) A challenge. I’ll be the person that peeks. I will sometimes when I look at the dice make the truthful statement “there is at least one 2.” Every time I make that statement, you can make a bet that there are 2 twos showing on the dice. I will offer you 20 to 1 odds. Should you take the bet?

2) The rule the peeker follows is:

a) if there is at least one 1, say “there is at least one 1”.
b) if a) doesn’t happen and there is at least one 2, say “there is at least one 2.”

The dice are rolled and the speaker says “there is at least one 2.” Now what is the probability that there are two 2s?

Quote: unJon

I offer my challenge posted above to the Wiz, Gordon or anyone else. Willing to escrow funds. 20 to 1 odds on the bet that there are 2 twos (I take side there are not 2 twos).

Analysis... I think one of us dropped the ball, Unjon.

Here are all the 36 possibilities for dice landing, equally weighted.

1,1 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
1,2 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
1,3 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
1,4 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
1,5 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
1,6 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
2,1 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
2,2 “there is at least one 2” Game Open Pays Out
2,3 “there is at least one 2” Game Open
2,4 “there is at least one 2” Game Open
2,5 “there is at least one 2” Game Open
2,6 “there is at least one 2” Game Open
3,1 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
3,2 “there is at least one 2.” Game Open
3,3 Silence=No bet
3,4 Silence=No bet
3,5 Silence=No Bet
3,6 Silence=No Bet
4,1 “there is at least one 1.” No Bet
4,2 “there is at least one 2.” Game Open
4,3 Silence=No Bet
4,4 Silence=No Bet
4,5 Silence=No Bet
4,6 Silence=No Bet
5,1 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
5,2 “there is at least one 2” Game open
5,3 Silence=No Bet
5,4 Silence=No Bet
5,5 Silence=No Bet
5,6 Silence=No Bet
6,1 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
6,2 “there is at least one 2” Game open
6,3 Silence=No Bet
6,4 Silence=No Bet
6,5 Silence=No Bet
6,6 Silence=No Bet

Of the 9 times that he calls "There's at least one 2", they are both twos
Thus if he calls "At least one of the dice is a two" then the probability of both dice being a two is ONE in NINE
QED
Beware. The earth is NOT flat. Hit and run is not a winning strategy: Pressing into trends IS not a winning strategy: Progressives are not a winning strategy: Don't Buy It! .Don't even take it for free.
unJon
Joined: Jul 1, 2018
• Posts: 3395
May 13th, 2022 at 6:38:03 PM permalink
Quote: OnceDear

Quote: unJon

1) A challenge. I’ll be the person that peeks. I will sometimes when I look at the dice make the truthful statement “there is at least one 2.” Every time I make that statement, you can make a bet that there are 2 twos showing on the dice. I will offer you 20 to 1 odds. Should you take the bet?

2) The rule the peeker follows is:

a) if there is at least one 1, say “there is at least one 1”.
b) if a) doesn’t happen and there is at least one 2, say “there is at least one 2.”

The dice are rolled and the speaker says “there is at least one 2.” Now what is the probability that there are two 2s?

Quote: unJon

I offer my challenge posted above to the Wiz, Gordon or anyone else. Willing to escrow funds. 20 to 1 odds on the bet that there are 2 twos (I take side there are not 2 twos).

Analysis... I think one of us dropped the ball, Unjon.

Here are all the 36 possibilities for dice landing, equally weighted.

1,1 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
1,2 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
1,3 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
1,4 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
1,5 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
1,6 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
2,1 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
2,2 “there is at least one 2” Game Open Pays Out
2,3 “there is at least one 2” Game Open
2,4 “there is at least one 2” Game Open
2,5 “there is at least one 2” Game Open
2,6 “there is at least one 2” Game Open
3,1 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
3,2 “there is at least one 2.” Game Open
3,3 Silence=No bet
3,4 Silence=No bet
3,5 Silence=No Bet
3,6 Silence=No Bet
4,1 “there is at least one 1.” No Bet
4,2 “there is at least one 2.” Game Open
4,3 Silence=No Bet
4,4 Silence=No Bet
4,5 Silence=No Bet
4,6 Silence=No Bet
5,1 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
5,2 “there is at least one 2” Game open
5,3 Silence=No Bet
5,4 Silence=No Bet
5,5 Silence=No Bet
5,6 Silence=No Bet
6,1 “there is at least one 1” No Bet
6,2 “there is at least one 2” Game open
6,3 Silence=No Bet
6,4 Silence=No Bet
6,5 Silence=No Bet
6,6 Silence=No Bet

Of the 9 times that he calls "There's at least one 2", they are both twos
Thus if he calls "At least one of the dice is a two" then the probability of both dice being a two is ONE in NINE
QED

That’s correct for my scenario 2). Good work. That has nothing to do with my scenario 1) challenge.
The race is not always to the swift, nor the battle to the strong; but that is the way to bet.
OnceDear
Joined: Jun 1, 2014
• Posts: 6309
May 13th, 2022 at 6:41:58 PM permalink
Quote: gordonm888

But for OnceDear to constantly denounce people on other threads who don't understand "Expected Value" and then to play at being obtuse about dice probabilities on this thread is very discouraging. No wonder Wizard lost his cool with Alan and the other flat-earthers.

1. I'm not playing at being obtuse. I'm pointing out one of those remarkable situations where I abjectly disagree with Wizard. A worthy cause against the math and stats and logic expert. Be discouraged if you wish.

2. Did you just group Alan in with other flat earthers? I just suspended Wizard for implicitly doing that.
Beware. The earth is NOT flat. Hit and run is not a winning strategy: Pressing into trends IS not a winning strategy: Progressives are not a winning strategy: Don't Buy It! .Don't even take it for free.
OnceDear
Joined: Jun 1, 2014
• Posts: 6309
May 13th, 2022 at 6:48:29 PM permalink
Quote: unJon

1) A challenge. I’ll be the person that peeks. I will sometimes when I look at the dice make the truthful statement “there is at least one 2.” Every time I make that statement, you can make a bet that there are 2 twos showing on the dice. I will offer you 20 to 1 odds. Should you take the bet?

2) The rule the peeker follows is:

a) if there is at least one 1, say “there is at least one 1”.
b) if a) doesn’t happen and there is at least one 2, say “there is at least one 2.”

The dice are rolled and the speaker says “there is at least one 2.” Now what is the probability that there are two 2s?

Quote: unJon

I offer my challenge posted above to the Wiz, Gordon or anyone else. Willing to escrow funds. 20 to 1 odds on the bet that there are 2 twos (I take side there are not 2 twos).

Quote: unjon

That’s correct for my scenario 2). Good work. That has nothing to do with my scenario 1) challenge.

Sorry Unjon. I misread para 2) as the peek rules applied to challenge at 1)

If challenge 1 stands on its own, you would never need to pay out a bean. 1000 to one would be robbery. Only ever declare when there is exactly one 2 showing. It is within the challenge 1 rules
Beware. The earth is NOT flat. Hit and run is not a winning strategy: Pressing into trends IS not a winning strategy: Progressives are not a winning strategy: Don't Buy It! .Don't even take it for free.
billryan
Joined: Nov 2, 2009
• Posts: 13251
May 13th, 2022 at 6:50:15 PM permalink
The difference here might be semantics more than math.
The difference between fiction and reality is that fiction is supposed to make sense.
unJon
Joined: Jul 1, 2018
• Posts: 3395
May 13th, 2022 at 6:50:42 PM permalink
Quote: OnceDear

If challenge 1 stands on its own, you would never need to pay out a bean. 1000 to one would be robbery. Only ever declare when there is exactly one 2 showing. It is within the challenge 1 rules

Bingo. I’m hoping it will help show Wiz and Gordon why ambiguity in the rules affects analysis.
The race is not always to the swift, nor the battle to the strong; but that is the way to bet.
unJon
Joined: Jul 1, 2018
• Posts: 3395
May 13th, 2022 at 6:51:40 PM permalink
Quote: billryan

The difference here might be semantics more than math.

Much of it is. But once you get past the semantics there is a real conceptual issue in the math where people have trouble with seeing 1/11 vs 1/6.

The problem is people go back to being bogged down in the semantics.
The race is not always to the swift, nor the battle to the strong; but that is the way to bet.
OnceDear
Joined: Jun 1, 2014
• Posts: 6309
May 13th, 2022 at 7:02:17 PM permalink
Quote: billryan

The difference here might be semantics more than math.

Until the semantics are ironed out, there can be no codified question and no derived explicit answer.
It's like playing a card game, not knowing the rules and losing your arse.
Beware. The earth is NOT flat. Hit and run is not a winning strategy: Pressing into trends IS not a winning strategy: Progressives are not a winning strategy: Don't Buy It! .Don't even take it for free.
OnceDear
Joined: Jun 1, 2014
• Posts: 6309
May 13th, 2022 at 7:05:38 PM permalink
Quote: unJon

Quote: billryan

The difference here might be semantics more than math.

Much of it is. But once you get past the semantics there is a real conceptual issue in the math where people have trouble with seeing 1/11 vs 1/6.

The problem is people go back to being bogged down in the semantics.

Wizard is working on a reworking of the puzzle where the semantics were ironed out. I believe he's doing that, cos like the Monty Hall problem, this is one where the answer is not as intuitive as one would expect. In his reworked version, the 1 in 11 answer is absolutely proven, but still expect AlanM and a few others to plumb for and cling on to 1/6
Beware. The earth is NOT flat. Hit and run is not a winning strategy: Pressing into trends IS not a winning strategy: Progressives are not a winning strategy: Don't Buy It! .Don't even take it for free.
unJon
Joined: Jul 1, 2018
• Posts: 3395
May 13th, 2022 at 7:39:18 PM permalink
Quote: OnceDear

Quote: unJon

Quote: billryan

The difference here might be semantics more than math.

Much of it is. But once you get past the semantics there is a real conceptual issue in the math where people have trouble with seeing 1/11 vs 1/6.

The problem is people go back to being bogged down in the semantics.