## Poll

17 votes (50%) | |||

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8 votes (23.52%) |

**34 members have voted**

Quote:ssho88

1) x= width of rectangle, y = height of rectangle, 4/x=y/5, xy = 20

2) Entire figure area, A = (4+y) * (5 +x)/2 = (20 + 4x + 5y + xy)/2, and xy = 20

So, A = 20 + 2x + 50/x

dA/dx = 2 - 50/x^2 = 0

x= 5

Minimum A = 20 + 2(5) + 50/5 = 40

What if x=0, y= 0 ? still applicable to your question ?

I agree to both!

Quote:WizardI agree to both!

What if x=0, y= 0 ? still applicable to your question ?

Quote:ssho88What if x=0, y= 0 ? still applicable to your question ?

If you want to be pedantic, if x and y = 0, it's no longer a rectangle, but a point. Even if just one of them = 0, it's a line segment.

It’s very useful to see that some of these can be hashed out manually. However, if you need to take the integral of, for instance, 1-(1-(1+(x/6)+(x/6)^2/2+ (x/6)^3/6+ (x/6)^4/24+ (x/6)^5/120)*e^(-x/6))^6 or 1-(1-1/e^(x/38))^38, would it be feasible to do it manually ?Quote:ThatDonGuyWho wants a rather lengthy explanation of how to calculate the exact (rational number) solution to these integrals?

I will use the "direct method fire bet" integral in the example:

(

(1 - e^(-165x/3960))^2 * (1 - e^(-264x/3960))^2 * (1 - e^(-375x/3960)) * e^(-375x/3960) * 375/3960

+ (1 - e^(-165x/3960))^2 * ( 1 - e^(-375x/3960))^2 * ( 1 -e^(-264x/3960)) * e^(-264x/3960) * 264/3960

+ (1 - e^(-375x/3960))^2 * (1 - e^(-264x/3960))^2 * (1 - e^(-165x/3960)) * e^(-165x/3960) * 165/3960

) * e^(-2352x/3960) * 2 dx

Let y = e^(-x/3960): the integral becomes

2 *

(

(1 - y^165)^2 * (1 - y^264)^2 * (1 - y^375) * y^375 * 375/3960

+ (1 - y^165)^2 * (1 - y^375)^2 * (1 - y^264) * y^264 * 264/3960

+ (1 - y^375)^2 * (1 - y^264)^2 * (1 - y^165) * y^165 * 165/3960

)

* y^2352 dx

Expand all of the squares, and take 1/3960 out of the sum:

2 / 3960 *

(

(1 - 2 y^165 + y^330) * (1 - 2 y^264 + y^528) * (1 - y^375) * y^375 * 375

+ (1 - 2 y^165 + y^330) * (1 - 2 y^375 + y^750) * (1 - y^264) * y^264 * 264

+ (1 - 2 y^375 + y^750) * (1 - 2 y^264 + y^528) * (1 - y^165) * y^165 * 165

)

* y^2352 dx

I will not bore you with calculating the expansion (hint: use Excel, and a lot of cutting and pasting), but this is:

1 / 1980 *

(

165 y^2517

+ 264 y^2616

- 165 y^2682

+ 375 y^2727

- 528 y^2781 - 330 y^2781

- 264 y^2880

- 750 y^2892 - 330 y^2892

+ 264 y^2946 + 330 y^2946

- 750 y^2991 - 528 y^2991

+ 528 y^3045 + 165 y^3045

+ 375 y^3057 + 330 y^3057

- 375 y^3102

+ 1500 y^3156 + 1056 y^3156 + 660 y^3156

- 264 y^3210 - 165 y^3210

+ 375 y^3255 + 528 y^3255

+ 750 y^3267 + 165 y^3267

- 750 y^3321 - 528 y^3321 - 660 y^3321

+ 750 y^3366 + 264 y^3366

- 750 y^3420 - 1056 y^3420 - 330 y^3420

- 375 y^3432 - 165 y^3432

- 1500 y^3531 - 528 y^3531 - 330 y^3531

+ 375 y^3585 + 528 y^3585 + 330 y^3585

- 375 y^3630 - 264 y^3630

+ 750 y^3696 + 264 y^3696 + 330 y^3696

+ 750 y^3795 + 528 y^3795 + 165 y^3795

- 375 y^3960 - 264 y^3960 - 165 y^3960

)

"Now what?"

d/dx (e^(nx)) = e^(nx) / n

y^n = e^(x * (-n/3960)), so d/dx (y^n) = e^(x * (-n/3960)) * (-3960/n)

For positive n, at x = +INF, this is 0; at x = 0, this is -3960/n, so the integral over x = 0 to +INF = 3960/n

Replace each "a y^b" with "3960 * b / a"; you can take 3960 out of each numerator and multiply the 1/1980 term by 3960 to get 2.

The solution becomes

2 *

(

165 / 2517

+ 264 / 2616

- 165 / 2682

+ 375 / 2727

- 858 / 2781

- 264 / 2880

- 1080 / 2892

+ 594 / 2946

- 1278 / 2991

+ 693 / 3045

+ 705 / 3057

- 375 / 3102

+ 3216 / 3156

- 429 / 3210

+ 903 / 3255

+ 915 / 3267

- 1938 / 3321

+ 1014 / 3366

- 2136 / 3420

- 540 / 3432

- 2358 / 3531

+ 1233 / 3585

- 639 / 3630

+ 1344 / 3696

+ 1443 / 3795

- 804 / 3960

)

Easy, right?

The sum is done one term at a time (i.e. start with the first two, then add the third, then add the fourth, and so on), using:

a / b + c / d = (ad + bc) / bd

No, you can't do this in Excel, as you will soon run out of digits of precision.

Incidentally, the result is the expected number of rolls to hit all six sides of a single die at least six times and the expected number of spins to hit all 38 numbers on a roulette wheel at least once, respectively

Quote:ssho88What if x=0, y= 0 ? still applicable to your question ?

No, because it wouldn't be inscribed in the triangle.

Quote:Ace2It’s very useful to see that some of these can be hashed out manually. However, if you need to take the integral of, for instance, 1-(1-(1+(x/6)+(x/6)^2/2+ (x/6)^3/6+ (x/6)^4/24+ (x/6)^5/120)*e^(-x/6))^6 or 1-(1-1/e^(x/38))^38, would it be feasible to do it manually ?

Who said anything about "feasible"? Just integrating something like x e^(-x/6) is a pain.

Integrate by parts:

u = x; dv = e^(-x/6) dx

du = dx; v = -6 e^(-x/6)

The integral = -6x e^(-x/6) - the integral of -6 e^(-x/6) dx = -6x e^(-x/6) + 6 (-6 e^(x/6)) = -(6x + 36) e^(-x/6) = -6 (x + 6) / e^(x/6)

As x approaches positive infinity, the numerator and denominator approach positive infinity, so apply L'Hopital's Rule; the limit of 1 / (6 e^(x/6)) = 0, so the definite integral over x from 0 to positive infinity = 0 - (-6 (0 + 6) / e^0)) = 36.

1 + 2 + 3 + ... + N = (N+1) + (N+2) + ... (N+K)?

I have solutions so far for N = 2, 14, 84, 492, 2870, 16730 and 97512.

And now I just ruined it for myself by looking up the sequence on OEIS.org :) Well, it was fun anyway for a few minutes.Quote:teliotWhat is the largest solution you can find of the equation:

1 + 2 + 3 + ... + N = (N+1) + (N+2) + ... (N+K)?

I have solutions so far for N = 2, 14, 84, 492, 2870, 16730 and 97512.

I didn't see the solution beforehand...Quote:Wizard...I agree to both!

The second idea is then to flip the 5-wide triangle to lie on top of the diagonal line. Construct a rectangle 4x5 (to the right of the 4-side). Where x is less than 5, the top triangle extends below this rectangle. Hence the total area of the original triangle exceeds 40. Similar logic applies where x exceeds 5 except the 4-side triangle extends beyond the rectangle. Hence 40 is the minimum.

For full credit, I'd like to the degree of efficiency (meaning ratio of the volume of cannonballs to to the volume of the whole pyramid), both ways, as the number of cannonballs approaches infinity?

There will probably be an extra credit problem coming up, but one thing at a time.